42Wheat is one of the most versatile plants on planet Earth. Six classes of wheat are produced in 42 states in the United States and in nearly every region on six continents around the world.

Wheat Grown By Region


States: Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming
Acres: 13,661,557 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Hard Red Spring, Hard Red Winter, Durum
Number of Mills: 19
Key Products: Durum = pasta, couscous and some Mediterranean breads; Hard Red Spring = bagels, designer breads, also a blending wheat

Great Plains

States: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming, South Dakota
Acres:: 17,057,009 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Hard Red Winter, Hard White Winter, Soft Red Winter
Number of Mills: 36
Key Products: Hard Red Winter = bread, hard rolls, flat breads, general purpose flour, Asian style noodles


States: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Acres: 4,562,307 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Soft Red Winter, Soft White Winter
Number of Mills: 88
Key Products: Soft Red Winter = cookies, crackers, cakes, cereal and for blending in baguettes and other bread products

Pacific Northwest

States: Arizona, California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
Acres: 4,585,181 (2017 NASS)
Wheat Classes: Soft White Winter/Spring, Hard White Winter, Hard Red Winter, Hard Red Spring, Hard White Spring, Durum
Number of Mills: 32
Key Products: Soft White = Asian style noodles, cakes, pastries and cereals